A skill represents a learnt ability to perform a specific task or activity to a level of proficiency, whilst competencies are defined as the knowledge, awareness and behaviours needed to operate within a specific context. Examples of digital competencies can be found within the European Commission’s DigComp 2: The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens and the ambitions for Europe’s Digital Decades.
In addition, the Commission has published a Digital Competence Framework for Educators as represented below, which describes educator-specific digital competences:
This document acknowledges the challenge for educators to develop their own digital competence, as well as being able to facilitate the development of digital competencies in young people, and that this is much broader than just being able to use digital spaces and tools for learning.
Learning to Swim in the Digital Ocean, an infographic taken from DigComp 2.1, illustrates the competencies of a digital citizen that can be applied at different levels. These can also be applied within the specific areas listed below (Digital Competence Framework for Educators), and can provide a framework for the development of digital competencies in young people: