You can read this page in several languages

Urban Exploration as an Educational Tool: UrbEx

Walk around, study and interview local people! View the streets you pass every day from a new perspective! Imagine your city as a person and tell us their secrets! These were just a few of the fascinating activities run by the UrbEx project, which organised creative local workshops across five countries and an exciting youth exchange in Sicily, Italy.

Participation is the magical principle of all learning experiences. It is a big part of non-formal education! Learners need to feel they are part of the process to give something back to the community.
Urbex Project Coordinator Paola Pizzo
Paola Pizzo project coordinator

Curious? To find out more about this original and intriguing project, we talked to the Project Coordinator, Paola Pizzo, and Project Manager, Giorgio Barbato:

What does urban exploration mean in an educational context?

It is an innovative way to involve young people in really thinking about their surroundings, and their relationships to communities and neighbourhoods. Walking down the street with a smartphone in our hand, it is easy to ignore the outside world. But so much is happening around us! Becoming more aware of living in a city raises all kinds of questions. How much do we really know about the place where we live? Who else lives there, and why? Where does our neighbourhood begin and end? Why do areas of our city look so different from each other? To answer these questions, this project brought together young people and youth workers from five European cities for a year to design, test and develop new and fun ways to explore urban spaces.

How did you choose your partners?

We specifically looked for organisations from similar urban backgrounds, but with a variety of interests. Some had more general experience in working with schools, while others were focused on reducing social inclusion or providing platforms for digital mapping. Our youth workers were just as diverse, ranging from educators, architects and illustrators to archaeologists and anthropologists. Combining their expertise enabled us to offer a truly unique programme!

How was the project structured?

We began by holding planning meetings with our partners and organised a week-long training where each partner would take responsibility for one learning day. The youth workers organised local groups of young people across five cities (Albacete in Spain; Ljubljana in Slovenia; London in England; Berlin in Germany and Palermo in Italy), who started to explore their neighbourhoods and upload their observations to a digital map. These young people would then spend a week together in Palermo on a youth exchange. This programme was followed up with reflection and feedback sessions to make youngsters understand which competences they have developed.

What kinds of young people took part in the week-long youth exchange in Palermo, Italy?

Most were high school students. We especially wanted to attract young people who were at risk of feeling socially excluded – for example, we invited teenagers living in social housing projects in London, while others came from migrant backgrounds. The groups were accompanied to Palermo and guided throughout the programme by the youth workers who tailored the tools to the groups’ needs.

What kinds of activities did you do during the youth exchange?

We started by trying out different types of activities to find the best ways of engaging young people, and created a toolkit from our favourites. The Map my World exercise asks youngsters to think about their own special places in the world, and explore their relationships with them in detail. City Visionary is a board game involving roleplay that encourages young people to think about urban development and decision-making by co-creating an imaginary environment. Secret Mission is about hunting for clues and collecting information across different areas, before coming back to report on our findings. This game was perfect to open up in-depth discussions about hidden features of cities and their secret meanings! And it is also a great way of team building.

How did you get young people interested in urban exploration?

Urban exploration is a great activity because anyone can do it. During the youth exchange programme, we used groupwork to encourage young people to make friends and organise themselves. Being in groups of different nationalities meant that they had to develop their communication skills, although each group had Italian speakers so they could also talk easily with local people.

What were the main challenges you faced?

The youth exchange group was quite big. We had around 50 participants with very different needs, so sometimes it could be tough trying to adapt an activity to suit all of them. Those from underprivileged backgrounds, for example, had a difficult time adjusting to the new ways of learning. But they were also the ones that enjoyed and changed the most during the activities: the project made them aware of their potential and the possibilities of a better future.

How did local communities react to young explorers in their city?

Palermo was a great location for this kind of project, as so much of the city’s life happens on the streets. Old people sit outside the bars, ladies clean and hang the clothes to dry, kids play together on the squares. When we brought our foreign groups to do outdoor activities, the residents were curious, of course, and wanted to know why we were playing such strange games! But they were able to learn more about the project when the youngsters interviewed them.

Did you find a way to continue the work with mapping?

Some young people have created new local activities and applied for funding for a European Solidarity Corps project. We also plan a second edition of UrbEx with greater focus on expanding our network of educational organisations using the same methodologies with youth.

What do you suggest to others who would like to start a similar project?

Have fun! Teaching is most effective when youngsters enjoy the activity so much that they don’t even realise that they have learned something. Only during the evaluation do they recognize how much they have achieved, and had a fantastic experience in doing so.


Inhabitants of Palermo city, Italy observed curiously the groups of young people from Spain, Germany, England, Slovenia and Italy while mapping the so-called Capo district. The youth exchange was a truly inspirational example of international cooperation between youngsters, even from disadvantageous backgrounds, who learned about each other and themselves by having fun and gained confidence in expressing their ideas!

Project coordinators

Photo of Giorgio Barbato
Giorgio Barbato

Giorgio is experienced in non-formal education, community engagement and participative processes, having worked with Bond of Union since 2016 in projects like Urbex and Comensi. He is also passionate about photo reportage and at Bond of Union he is responsible for communication and dissemination tasks like the vimeo channel and community platforms of Comensi and Urbex.

Urbex Project Coordinator Paola Pizzo
Paola Pizzo

Paola Pizzo is a trainer and project manager with 10 years of experience in European educational projects. Since 2010 she is also the chief administrator of the social cooperative Bond of Union. Her work includes project writing, definition of learning programmes and activities, training design and learning results evaluation. Through several youth projects she gained a wider experience in promoting youth participation and engagement using non-formal education methods. She also works on the creation of educational resources as toolkits, curriculums, handbooks and reports, in collaboration with professionals from other European organisations.

Project outcomes

The activities that engaged young people in exploring cities have been collected in a toolkit and their creative maps can be seen on a website.

Urban Exploration Toolkit

You can browse the fascinating games, methods and ideas shared during the project.

View solution

Community Maps

Check the mapping adventurous of young people through the maps where they added their most interesting discoveries.

View solution

About the project

Supported by:

Erasmus+ / Cooperation Partnerships

EU Youth Programme Priority:

Inclusion and Diversity


Youth Participation / Youth Sector Development


25 youth workers, 5 group leaders and 45 young people in 5 countries raised awareness of their urban context during the one year of the project. To monitor what they discovered through their urban exploration activities, they created the hashtag #urbex4youth and shared the visually catchy, creative outcomes on Facebook, Instagram, Youtube and their websites.


Photo of Lilla Gosi
Lilla Gősi

Lilla Gősi is a freelance journalist and trainer. She writes, draws and uses the combination of these two for telling stories and creating non formal educational activities. She graduated in Communication and Media and History of Art. She has been publishing since 2012 in the most popular Hungarian weekly magazine, Nők Lapja. She is an active blogger. She loves working with groups and asking questions. She comes from Hungary and lives in Italy since 2017. She participated in several European training, exchange and volunteering projects. The main issues she cares about: promoting sustainability, critical thinking, inclusion and art. In her free time, she enjoys art, culture and travelling related activities.