Youth Participation Good Practices in Different Forms of Regional and Local Democracy

Year of production: 2014

Image is illustrative. Photo by Rosemary Ketchum from Pexels

The analysis in this publication is based on a five-fold frame for promoting participation. The good practices presented are categorized within different fields of political action, including representative, direct, participatory, deliberative, and counter-democracy. The general argumentation of the publication states that in creating a participatory culture, the practices in all of the above fields should be taken into account. The good practices are based on answers to a questionnaire which was open from 31st January to 18th of February 2013. Respondents from 22 countries answered the questionnaire. In addition to the questionnaire, some good practices are identified using existing research literature and the authors’ ongoing research data on youth participation.

The use of social media is presented in a separate chapter, as well as an overview of existing policy documents and the legal framework of youth participation. The paper advocates using a broad scope of democracy in policy planning, and it documents existing practices all over Europe. The good practices are analysed from the adult perspective and the actual impact of these practices on young people is not assessed. The recommendations presented at the beginning of the report are based on the analysis set out in all the chapters of the publication.


Anu Gretschel

Tiina-Maria Levamo

Tomi Kiilakoski

Sofia Laine

Niina Mäntylä

Geoffrey Pleyers

Harri Raisio

Harri Raisio, PhD is an Assistant Professor in Social and Health Management at the University of Vaasa, Finland.